Eyewitness to how the Great Pyramid was built

We have an answer in the form of 4,600-year-old bound papyrus scrolls, the oldest papyri ever found. They are the diary of one of the managers who helped build the Great Pyramid. The only eyewitness account of the construction.

The Great Pyramid of Egypt is the last of the Seven Wonders of the World. Almost 147 meters high and 230.4 meters on a side (it is now a little smaller due to erosion). Built from approximately 2.3 million granite stones transported from hundreds of kilometers away.

We now know how they did all this thanks to notes taken by a man named Merer. He describes, among other things, a stopover for his 200-man crew at Tura, or Maaasara, in the limestone quarries on the eastern shore of the Gulf of Suez, and how they fill their ship for the 13-17 kilometer voyage back. upriver to Giza. Since this type of limestone was used for the outer casing of the pyramid, the journal is believed to document work on the tomb during the last year of Khufu’s life, around 2560.

Apart from the information about his daily activities as an inspector, Merer’s diary (and other diaries found at the same site) also provide interesting insights and data.

The use of massive hammers made of black diorite, the clear and orderly writing of the hieroglyphics on the papyri, which are like Excel spreadsheets from the ancient world… all point to the fact that the construction of the pyramids required a great deal of organization. and ambition, but in it there is no trace of supernaturality or abnormality for the capacities of the time.

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