One of the first science fiction novels is Mexican

The novel Eugenia: fictional sketch of future customs, written in 1919 by the Yucatecan doctor Eduardo Urzaiz, represents one of the first Mexican science fiction novels. The title describes the author’s interest in eugenics, since the name Eugenia has its roots in the Greek eu: good, correct and genius: origin. That is, it means ‘well born’. It is no coincidence that Urzaiz chose the name of Eugenia, since it contains a eugenic proposal in his speech. Some authors consider Eugenia to be a pioneering work that anticipates a future in social organization and scientific dogma.

Eugenia… is a novel that projects the control of human reproduction to create an ideal society. Therefore, it approaches the gaze of the ‘new man’, a product of the author’s utopia, who seeks to convince the reader about the advantages of artificial selection and birth control by the State.

Situation similar to the work Brave New World (1963) by Aldous Huxley. However, the difference is that Huxley indicates the disadvantages of genetic control (dystopia); while Urzaiz is positive about genetic selection programs, since he considers that a control could empty prisons, hospitals and asylums. In addition to eradicating diseases, overturning the utopia of a perfect society.

Eugenia’s novel proposal resides in the process proposed by Urzaiz, where the fertilized ovum is transferred to the male, so that he is the one who develops the pregnancy. This proposal was inspired by scientific works that the author had consulted. So it can be determined that Eugenia: novelistic sketch of future customs is a sample of the reception and understanding of the scientific advances of the nineteenth century and the evolutionary ideas.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *